Mongolia is the 6th biggest country in Asia and 19th biggest country in the word by Territory. The total land area of Mongolia is 1,564,116 square kilometers.
Mongolia is the second biggest landlocked country after Kazakhstan by land. The nearest sea coast is around 1000 km far from the most eastern point of Mongolia.
Mongolian Gobi Desert is the biggest in Asia and 7 biggest deserts in the world. Gobi Desert stretches in Southern part of Mongolia and northern part of China. Gobi Desert occupies 40% of Mongolian territory.
The largest gobi in Mongolia is the Galbyn Gobi, stretching most of the Khanbogd soum of Umnugobi aimag. 200 km long, 50 km wide, and 70000 square km.
The average clear and sunny day is around 257 in Mongolia. So people say Mongolia is the land of blue sky.
The average land area is 1580 meters above sea level.
Hövsgöl Lake, which accounts for 70 percent of Mongolia’s freshwater, accounts for 0.4 percent of the world’s freshwater basin. Lake Hövsgöl is the second largest freshwater lake in Asia.
Ulaanbaatar is the world’s coldest capital city. Average annual temperature is -1.3 degrees Celsius.
Lake Uvs is the biggest lake in Mongolia. The water area is 3350 km2.
The highest waterfall: Arsai waterfall is located in Khoridol saridag mountain, Khuvsgul province. The fall is 70 meter in height.
The glacier Potanine is the largest glacier in Mongolia. The glacier was named Russian scientist Potanine. The glacier is located on the Tavan Bogd mountain in Bayan-Ulgii and it is 20 km long and 5 m wide.
Shargaljuut is the hottest spring in Mongolia. The hot spring is 60-93°C. it is 678 km from Ulaanbaatar and 58 km from Bayankhongor. The hot spring is good for healing Acne, chronic hepatitis, chronic inflammation, and hypertension.
The largest steppes in Mongolia is the Dornod steppe, which occupies about 250 square kilometers. The steppe is in Matad and Khalkh gol sum in Dornod province.
The highest and the lowest point in Mongolia: The highest point in Mongolia is “Friendship” peak, 4374.0 meters above sea level in the Altai Tavan Bogd Mountain. The lowest point in Mongolia is the Khukh Nuur at560 m above sea level in the Dornod province.
The largest meteor found in Mongolia is the meteor named “Chingis silver mound”, which weighs 20 tons in 1933 in Bulgan soum of Khovd aimag.
The largest crystal found in our country is the Gemstone Crystal. The crystal is 240 cm long and weighs 7.5 tons, and the lateral crystals are 100-300 cm wide, around 18 sides.
Historical facts of Mongolia
Mongolians have a history of 2225 years, and the first state was the Xiongnu / 209-93 AD/, founded in 209 BC. The first emperor of the Xiongnu was Modun Shaniyu, and in Central Asia, which had its power over 300 years.
The Great Wall of China was built in Inner Mongolia in the sixth century BC for preventing attacks of Nomad Mongol clans.
The Great Mongol Empire was historically the first largest empire in the world. If the overseas territories were included, the British Empire would have more land than the Mongol Empire.
The “Ikh Zasag” law, which was announced by the Ikh Khural after the Great Mongol Empire was established in 1206, is the first Mongolian written law.
Chinggis Khan is considered as National pride and a great leader for Mongolians while some other nations people consider as Barbarian.
Communication was a vital issue for Mongolian nomads who have been moved one to another place from ancient times. They found an important way to solve this problem. Special postmen were able to transport letters and important intelligence messages through the stations. Each station is 24 to 64 kilometers each, and postmen waiting at the station for the next station. some sources say that at that time, about 1400 stations were located in only China, with 50,000 postmen with horses.
Mongolians worship Tibetan Buddhism. King Altan introduced Buddhism to Mongolians in the 16th century. Erdenezuu is the oldest monastery in Mongolia was built in 1586 in Kharkhorin.
The largest ger (traditional house) of Mongolia is “Bat-Ulzii”, which was built in 1658 for the Erdenezuu monastery. remains located in the middle of the Erdene Zuu monastery. The ger was 18-20 walls and 9 meters high.
The first dinosaur fossil eggs were discovered by Roy Andrew Chapman, American explorer in the Mongolian Gobi in 1923. The Mongolian Gobi is one of the famous sites for dinosaur remains.
The largest number of dinosaur eggs in the world are the Bayanzag, Olgoi, Ulaantsav, and Buguin Tsav in the Gurvantes and Bulgan soums of Ömnögovi aimag. Nearly 10-15 cm long fossilized eggs are found in these areas. Stone eggs found there are now stored in Ulaanbaatar, Moscow, Warsaw and New York.
The 8th Bogd Javzandamba was the last king of Mongolia. “Mongolia declared its independence from Manchu Qing Dynasty to the World and enthrone the eighth Bogd Javzandamba Khutagtu as a ruler of Mongolia took place in the Ikh Khuree on December 29, 1911.
On November 26, 1924, the People’s Republic of Mongolia became the second communist country in the world.
Republic Mongolia (known as Outer Mongolia) is an Independent country while Inner Mongolia remains the autonomous region of China.
The first Mongolian spaceman is J. Gurragchaa. On March 22, 1981, he flew by Soyuz-39 and he was also second Asian spaceman flew to space.
Chinggis Khan statue the Genghis is the largest equestrian statue in the world and covered in 250 tons of steel.
People and social facts about Mongolia
Mongolia is the most sparsely populated country is with 4.3 people per square mile. Total of Mongolian population is 3.4 million by at the end of 2018.
The population of Mongolia is 138th in the world. 59 percent of the total population is below the age of 30 years.
According to the UN study, the number of children per woman since the 1990s has fallen the shortest in comparison to other countries in the world. Between 1970 and 1975, 7.33 children per woman were reduced to 1.87 in 2005-2010.
Mongolians have a nomadic way of life and horse culture is one of the important parts of nomads. So kids started riding horses from the age of three. kids still ride horses on horse racing competition.
Mongolia first established diplomatic relations with the non-communist government was India. The two countries established diplomatic relations in December 1955.
The Mongolian Stock Exchange, founded in 1991, is the world’s smallest stock exchange. The building of the Stock a cartoon movie theater.
Mongolia is one of the three countries officially emblazoned with Hinduism bird Garuda. Garuda or Hangarid is a symbol of Ulaanbaatar city and is known as the defender of Bogd Khan Mountain.
Ulaanbaatar means “Red Hero” named by Russian delegates. This city has been replaced its location by 28 times, and in 1778, the City was settled on a present location.
Most Mongolians still live in gers which are a round-shaped traditional house. This is also a traditional dwelling of central Asian nomads.
Mongolian national drink is called Airag. This drink is made from mare’s milk. In other parts of Central Asia, it is called Kumis.
“Times” announced as Chinggis khaan was one of “25 of the most important people of all time” in 2011.
Most Mongolians still live in gers which are a round-shaped traditional house. This is also a traditional dwelling of central Asian nomads. 60% of the total population in the Ulaanbaatar city still live in ger while around 90% of the total population is living in Mongolian traditional house in the other regions.
Mongolian facts about Sports
Mongolian naadam is the biggest traditionally celebrated festival in. Mongolia. festivals are comprised of the horse racing, Wrestling, and Archery competitions, as well as traditional Mongolian ceremonies.
The most popular sport in Mongolia is national wrestling. Winner of the state contest gets the title of a lion. Mongolian wrestling has been practicing for centuries.
Until the 2008 Beijing Olympics, there was no gold medal in the Summer Olympics for Mongolia There are two Olympic gold medals, nine silver, and 13 bronze medals now.
On the 17th of September, 2011, 6002 national wrestlers attended a tournament that becomes one of the world’s biggest wrestling tournaments. This recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records.
There are 13 times more horses and 35 times more sheep than the total population in Mongolia. Horse racing is the most popular competition in Mongolia.
Two-humped camels are native to Mongolia. Over the past 12 years, NGOs have been organizing many camel festivals to support to protect them. Camel festival is one of the Mongolian travel events in Mongolia today.
The worst and weird facts of Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar is the 2nd most polluted city in the world. City population is 1.4 million citizens and it is more than one/third of Total population of Mongolia.
Mongoliod was a term used to describe Mongol people. But since 1866, this became The term for a mentally retarded person. This used to denote people with Down’s Syndrome and now is just generally derogatory.
Due to alcoholism, 60% of crime and 70% of divorce and the annual death rate of 2000 is recorded in Mongolia. In Mongolia, it is 28 liters of alcohol per person per year.
“My Mongolia Travel” is local travel agency that offers Mongolia Travel packages and travel related services based on Ulaanbaatar city, Mongolia.